I give myself the luxury of saying what I want.
Who is an author? Who is Jose Mujica?
José Mujica was born in 1935 into a farming family on the outskirts of Montevideo. He dropped out of school before finishing high school. As a young man, he was an active member of the National Party. From its ranks, he then joined the leftist Tupamaros organization, which led guerrilla warfare against the authorities in Uruguay in the 1960s and 1970s. After a military coup in Uruguay in 1973, he was arrested and imprisoned in a military prison. In total, he spent over 14 years in prison during his lifetime.
In 1985, after the restoration of democratic rule in the country, he was released from prison under a general amnesty for political prisoners.
His wife since 2005 has been Lucía Topolansky, an Uruguayan senator and former deputy, whom he met in the 1970s while he was a Tupamaros activist with her.
In the second half of the 1980s, he became a member of the Movimiento de Participación Popular (MPP, Popular Participation Movement), a political party that became the largest faction of the leftist Broad Front coalition (FA, Frente Amplio.
In 1995, he took the seat of deputy in the House of Representatives, and in 1999 he became a senator. In the parliamentary elections of 31 October 2004, he won re-election to the Senate. He did not take office, however, because on March 1, 2005 President Tabare Vazquez appointed him Minister of Animal Husbandry, Agriculture and Fisheries in his cabinet. On March 3, 2008, he resigned as minister and took his seat as senator on the same day.
On December 14, 2008, Mujica was elected as one of the five candidates of the Broad Front in the presidential primaries. He received the highest number of votes in the vote. In the June 28, 2009 primary, he won 54.1% of the popular vote and defeated his main rival Danilo Astori, thus becoming the official candidate of the Broad Front in the October 2009 presidential election. On July 11, 2009, he chose Astori as his candidate for the position of vice president of the country. Mujica was considered the favorite in the electoral race. During the campaign, he promised to continue the policies of President Vazquez‘s leftist government, which had halved unemployment in the country and expanded minority rights.
In the first round of the presidential election on October 25, 2009, he claimed victory, winning 48% of the popular vote, ahead of Luis Alberto Lacalle, who came in second with 29.1% of the vote. Since he failed to win more than 50% of the vote, he faced him in the second round of the election on November 29, 2009, which he won by a vote ratio of 52.6% to 43.3%. During the election campaign, he often compared himself to Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and declared to pursue similar center-left policies. He also announced the continuation of President Tabare Vazquez‘s policies, which have led to rapid economic growth and a significant reduction in unemployment in the country.
He took office as president of Uruguay on March 1, 2010, and was officially sworn in at the Palacio Legislativo, the seat of parliament. The ceremony was attended by many foreign guests, including the presidents of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Paraguay, Venezuela, as well as the United States Secretary of State and the heir to the Spanish throne. On that occasion, he called for Latin American unity. In January 2011, he donated the equivalent of his annual salary to social housing (2.5 million pesos), in turn donating 90% of his monthly earnings to charity